Introduction to the Thyroid
The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid /ˈθaɪrɔɪd/, in vertebrate anatomy, is one of the largest endocrine glands in the body, and consists of two connected lobes. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, below the laryngeal prominence (Adam's apple). This is formed by angle of the thyroid cartilage that surrounds the larynx.
The thyroid gland controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and controls the body's sensitivity to other hormones. It participates in these processes by producing thyroid hormones, the principal ones being triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine(sometimes referred to as tetraiodothyronine (T4)). These hormones regulate the growth and rate of function of many other systems in the body. T3and T4 are synthesized from iodine and tyrosine. The thyroid also produces calcitonin, which plays a role in calcium homeostasis.
Hormonal output from the thyroid is regulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) produced by the anterior pituitary, which itself is regulated bythyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) produced by the hypothalamus.
Sutter Medical Center
Sutter Medical Center is one of the premier institution in California which takes care of children with complex medical problems.
If your insurance permits, we schedule all our consults, radiological studies, scans, thyroid biopsies and surgery at Sutter Medical Center's modern Anderson Lucchetti Children's Center.
Our highly skilled specialists are there to help you and your children 24/7 as this is one of the few hospitals in the country were a board certified pediatric intensive care specialist and a board certified neonatologist stay in the hospital round the clock.